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This is the resource page for the supporting material for the publication "Welfare in Widecombe 1700-1900".

You can find more details about this book, including how to obtain a copy, by visiting


These pages will be used for any additional information that comes to light after publication, including that provided by readers. We welcome any information you can provide.


We have put together a series of talks entitled 'Poor on the Moor' based on aspects of 'Welfare in Widecombe'.


Main Items:




Other Items:


Ann Claxton's Report on Early Victorian Schools in Widecombe

Dunstone Poor House and Cottages

Hannah Cribbett

Thomas Greep

Newton Abbot Union 1881

The Meaning of 'Lt' in the Accounts

Notes on Local Apprenticeships in the 1841 Census

Some General Information on Apprenticeships

Sextons in Widecombe

The Leaman Family

Joseph Leaman

Iris Woods on Memoranda in the Parish Officers' Accounts

Iris Woods on the Parish Apprenticeships


Church House Photograph

(From Tom Greeves) The photograph on page 52 (Author's Note: Figure 7-10) is the same as that on page 71 of Dartmoor's Earliest Photographs - Landscape & Place 1860-1880 (see bibliography below). The archive may be interested to know that it was taken by Francis Bedford who was one of the finest photographers of the British landscape in the mid-Victorian period. It dates to about 1865-1870.

Mr Sanders

(From Tom Greeves) I suspect that Mr Sanders whose debt was repaid was Mr Joseph Sanders of Exeter and Brimpts - he restarted the tin mine there at the end of the 18th century - see my book Gentlemen & Rogues - A History of Brimpts Tin Mine, Dartmeet, Devon pp15-16 (see Bibliography below). He was certainly a man of means.(Author's Note: see page 44 and Figure 7-3. This is very interesting additional information. We still do not know what the original loan was for. However, if Mr Sanders was connected with Brimpts, which was in the Forest Quarter, then could it be related to the 'return' of the eastern Forest quarter to Lydford that occurred at around the same time?)

Composition Money

(From Tom Greeves) Re 'composition money' - might that not be for the composing of the account?


Some additional references/bibliography

SWHT Information Leaflet - Poor Relief. In particular, The Settlement Act section: SWHT Poor Relief Leaflet

Tom Greeves, Dartmoor's Earliest Photographs - Landscape & Place 1860-1880, Twelveheads 2015

Tom Greeves, Gentlemen & Rogues - A History of Brimpts Tin Mine, Dartmeet, Devon, DTRG 2017

Genuki Devon Devon - Poor Houses, Poor Law, etc.

Woods, Iris, Memoranda from the Parish Officers' Accounts Widecombe-in-the-Moor 1711-1840, in The Devon Historian Vol 14 (Spring 1977), the Journal of the Devon History Society, pp 17-20.

Woods, Iris, Parish Apprentices in Widecombe-in-the-Moor in the 18th and 19th centuries, in The Devon & Cornwall Notes & Queries Vol XXXV Part IV (Autumn 1983), pages 143 - 150.